It is time to give up the cardiothoracic ratio

Snippet 14: A History of the Irrelevance of the Cardiothoracic Ratio

It is time to give up the cardiothoracic ratio

Bhavin Jankharia
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The first article on the cardiothoracic ratio was published in 1919 by Dr. Danzer in the American Journal of Medical Sciences. You can download it from here.

103 years ago, this is what he said and did.

  • 500 patients
  • Mid-inspiratory images
  • Avg CTR of 45% with 2% margin of error on either side
  • 53% and above considered abnormal for LV hypertrophy and dilatation
  • If the ratio is not increased, LVH cannot be ruled out and other methods are needed for cardiac assessment (murmurs and history)
  • Under 45% - think of tuberculosis (phthisis)

103 years later, many radiologists still reach for a ruler (physically or on screen) to measure the CTR. As far back as in 1973, Dr. Davies mentioned in JAMA that it was pretty much useless.

Two new articles in the last 6 months have further hammered the last few nails in CTR's coffin.

Dr. Saurabh Jha from UPenn goes a step further

This blog post also philosphically addresses the issue.

Getting Things Wrong
In recent years I’ve realised that I’ve been doing things wrong. Not just as a radiologist but also as a human being. I thought I was up-to-...

This is similar to the issue we have with measuring our body temperature, which I wrote about a few weeks ago.

The 37°C (98.6°F) Relic - It is Time for a New Individual Normal
Our bodies are cooling and most of our have normal temperatures lower than 37.0°C or 98.6°F

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